An efficient kitchen encourages a good relationship between three main work areas: the meal preparation area, storage area, and the cleaning area; referred to as the kitchen triangle. The kitchen work flow should follow this classic work triangle; as such the movement between the refrigerator, the sink, and the microwave or stove should be easily accessible without interruptions.
Here are the general rules for kitchen design:
- Place work space between each workstation of the triangle.
- The side of the work triangle should be less than 4′ or greater than 7′.
- The sum sides of the work triangle should be at least 15′ but not more than 22.’
- Never arrange rooms so that traffic is required to pass through the work triangle.
However, these rules are not strict. However, designers believe that you should avoid a hallway kitchen.
- The (Straight) One-Wall Design. This design is ideal for small spaces, such as small apartment and a recreation room. It’s limited amount of cabinet space and work areas can be improved by using a movable cart.
- The Corridor Design or Galley Design. This design places all cabinets on two parallel walls; as such it provides ample storage space. It is suitable for small homes and has much functionality when it is located between two living spaces.
- The L-Shape Design. This design is suitable for both small and large kitchens, but it loses its efficiency if the L becomes to long. However, the L-Shape allows for ease of movement within the triangle.
- The U-Shape Design. This design allows for easy access between workstations. It is ideal for large kitchens. However, some storage areas may be hard to reach.
- The Peninsula Design. This design improves the L-shaped and U-shaped kitchen designs by adding one additional work space, work center, food bar, or a combination.
- The Island Design. This design can be added to any of the other cabinet arrangements to provide an additional counter space or work space such as a cooktop or small sink.